Hi all,
running a 7.4.5 it happen to me with another table
where a single vacuum full was not freeing enough pages,
here the verbose vacuum full, as you can see only at
the end: truncated 8504 to 621 pages.

I use pg_autovacuum and it's not enough. I'll schedule
again a nightly vacuum full.

Regards
Gaetano Mendola


# vacuum full verbose url;
INFO: vacuuming "public.url"
INFO: "url": found 268392 removable, 21286 nonremovable row versions in 8563 pages
DETAIL: 22 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 104 to 860 bytes long.
There were 13924 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 63818404 bytes.
4959 pages are or will become empty, including 7 at the end of the table.
8296 pages containing 63753840 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.33s/0.12u sec elapsed 9.55 sec.
INFO: index "url_pkey" now contains 21286 row versions in 2343 pages
DETAIL: 268392 index row versions were removed.
886 index pages have been deleted, 886 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.11s/0.37u sec elapsed 2.68 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_url" now contains 297 row versions in 7412 pages
DETAIL: 268392 index row versions were removed.
6869 index pages have been deleted, 6869 are currently reusable.
CPU 1.02s/2.05u sec elapsed 59.89 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_name" now contains 297 row versions in 3277 pages
DETAIL: 268392 index row versions were removed.
2976 index pages have been deleted, 2976 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.40s/0.72u sec elapsed 27.05 sec.
INFO: "url": moved 2 row versions, truncated 8563 to 8550 pages
DETAIL: CPU 0.40s/0.52u sec elapsed 28.05 sec.
INFO: index "url_pkey" now contains 21287 row versions in 2343 pages
DETAIL: 1 index row versions were removed.
886 index pages have been deleted, 886 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.07s/0.04u sec elapsed 6.22 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_url" now contains 298 row versions in 7412 pages
DETAIL: 0 index row versions were removed.
6956 index pages have been deleted, 6956 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.37s/0.07u sec elapsed 14.30 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_name" now contains 298 row versions in 3277 pages
DETAIL: 0 index row versions were removed.
2979 index pages have been deleted, 2979 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.16s/0.04u sec elapsed 4.79 sec.
INFO: vacuuming "pg_toast.pg_toast_16730637"
INFO: "pg_toast_16730637": found 0 removable, 0 nonremovable row versions in 0 pages
DETAIL: 0 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 0 to 0 bytes long.
There were 0 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 0 bytes.
0 pages are or will become empty, including 0 at the end of the table.
0 pages containing 0 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.00s/0.00u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
INFO: index "pg_toast_16730637_index" now contains 0 row versions in 1 pages
DETAIL: 0 index pages have been deleted, 0 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.00s/0.00u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
VACUUM
empdb=# vacuum full verbose url;
INFO: vacuuming "public.url"
INFO: "url": found 42 removable, 21286 nonremovable row versions in 8550 pages
DETAIL: 22 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 104 to 860 bytes long.
There were 281879 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 63713588 bytes.
4948 pages are or will become empty, including 0 at the end of the table.
8289 pages containing 63705340 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.39s/0.15u sec elapsed 5.93 sec.
INFO: index "url_pkey" now contains 21286 row versions in 2343 pages
DETAIL: 42 index row versions were removed.
886 index pages have been deleted, 886 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.09s/0.03u sec elapsed 1.44 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_url" now contains 297 row versions in 7412 pages
DETAIL: 42 index row versions were removed.
6956 index pages have been deleted, 6956 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.18s/0.08u sec elapsed 7.30 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_name" now contains 297 row versions in 3277 pages
DETAIL: 42 index row versions were removed.
2979 index pages have been deleted, 2979 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.09s/0.02u sec elapsed 2.58 sec.
INFO: "url": moved 0 row versions, truncated 8550 to 8550 pages
DETAIL: CPU 0.37s/0.23u sec elapsed 4.39 sec.
INFO: vacuuming "pg_toast.pg_toast_16730637"
INFO: "pg_toast_16730637": found 0 removable, 0 nonremovable row versions in 0 pages
DETAIL: 0 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 0 to 0 bytes long.
There were 0 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 0 bytes.
0 pages are or will become empty, including 0 at the end of the table.
0 pages containing 0 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.00s/0.01u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
INFO: index "pg_toast_16730637_index" now contains 0 row versions in 1 pages
DETAIL: 0 index pages have been deleted, 0 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.00s/0.00u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
VACUUM
empdb=# vacuum full verbose url;
INFO: vacuuming "public.url"
INFO: "url": found 74 removable, 21266 nonremovable row versions in 8550 pages
DETAIL: 2 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 104 to 860 bytes long.
There were 281867 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 63718972 bytes.
4952 pages are or will become empty, including 0 at the end of the table.
8289 pages containing 63710724 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.07s/0.03u sec elapsed 0.28 sec.
INFO: index "url_pkey" now contains 21266 row versions in 2343 pages
DETAIL: 74 index row versions were removed.
886 index pages have been deleted, 886 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.06s/0.05u sec elapsed 1.31 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_url" now contains 277 row versions in 7412 pages
DETAIL: 74 index row versions were removed.
6961 index pages have been deleted, 6961 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.16s/0.04u sec elapsed 6.80 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_name" now contains 277 row versions in 3277 pages
DETAIL: 74 index row versions were removed.
2982 index pages have been deleted, 2982 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.09s/0.02u sec elapsed 2.10 sec.
INFO: "url": moved 11 row versions, truncated 8550 to 8504 pages
DETAIL: CPU 0.29s/0.11u sec elapsed 3.26 sec.
INFO: index "url_pkey" now contains 21266 row versions in 2343 pages
DETAIL: 11 index row versions were removed.
886 index pages have been deleted, 886 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.06s/0.01u sec elapsed 2.39 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_url" now contains 277 row versions in 7412 pages
DETAIL: 11 index row versions were removed.
6964 index pages have been deleted, 6964 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.22s/0.06u sec elapsed 5.74 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_name" now contains 277 row versions in 3277 pages
DETAIL: 11 index row versions were removed.
2983 index pages have been deleted, 2983 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.12s/0.04u sec elapsed 2.19 sec.
INFO: vacuuming "pg_toast.pg_toast_16730637"
INFO: "pg_toast_16730637": found 0 removable, 0 nonremovable row versions in 0 pages
DETAIL: 0 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 0 to 0 bytes long.
There were 0 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 0 bytes.
0 pages are or will become empty, including 0 at the end of the table.
0 pages containing 0 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.00s/0.00u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
INFO: index "pg_toast_16730637_index" now contains 0 row versions in 1 pages
DETAIL: 0 index pages have been deleted, 0 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.00s/0.00u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
VACUUM
empdb=# vacuum full verbose url;
INFO: vacuuming "public.url"
INFO: "url": found 13 removable, 21264 nonremovable row versions in 8504 pages
DETAIL: 0 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 104 to 860 bytes long.
There were 280528 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 63349188 bytes.
4913 pages are or will become empty, including 0 at the end of the table.
8234 pages containing 63340628 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.17s/0.04u sec elapsed 0.49 sec.
INFO: index "url_pkey" now contains 21264 row versions in 2343 pages
DETAIL: 13 index row versions were removed.
886 index pages have been deleted, 886 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.06s/0.03u sec elapsed 0.38 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_url" now contains 275 row versions in 7412 pages
DETAIL: 13 index row versions were removed.
6964 index pages have been deleted, 6964 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.10s/0.04u sec elapsed 0.69 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_name" now contains 275 row versions in 3277 pages
DETAIL: 13 index row versions were removed.
2983 index pages have been deleted, 2983 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.00s/0.01u sec elapsed 0.01 sec.
INFO: "url": moved 5666 row versions, truncated 8504 to 621 pages
DETAIL: CPU 0.06s/0.31u sec elapsed 0.84 sec.
INFO: index "url_pkey" now contains 21264 row versions in 2343 pages
DETAIL: 5666 index row versions were removed.
886 index pages have been deleted, 886 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.01s/0.01u sec elapsed 0.04 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_url" now contains 275 row versions in 7412 pages
DETAIL: 261 index row versions were removed.
6973 index pages have been deleted, 6973 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.01s/0.03u sec elapsed 0.04 sec.
INFO: index "idx_url_name" now contains 275 row versions in 3277 pages
DETAIL: 261 index row versions were removed.
2990 index pages have been deleted, 2990 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.00s/0.02u sec elapsed 0.02 sec.
INFO: vacuuming "pg_toast.pg_toast_16730637"
INFO: "pg_toast_16730637": found 0 removable, 0 nonremovable row versions in 0 pages
DETAIL: 0 dead row versions cannot be removed yet.
Nonremovable row versions range from 0 to 0 bytes long.
There were 0 unused item pointers.
Total free space (including removable row versions) is 0 bytes.
0 pages are or will become empty, including 0 at the end of the table.
0 pages containing 0 free bytes are potential move destinations.
CPU 0.00s/0.00u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
INFO: index "pg_toast_16730637_index" now contains 0 row versions in 1 pages
DETAIL: 0 index pages have been deleted, 0 are currently reusable.
CPU 0.00s/0.00u sec elapsed 0.00 sec.
VACUUM

Search Discussions

  • Hannu Krosing at Mar 9, 2005 at 4:39 pm
    Ühel kenal päeval (teisipäev, 8. märts 2005, 00:52+0100), kirjutas
    Gaetano Mendola:
    Hi all,
    running a 7.4.5 it happen to me with another table
    where a single vacuum full was not freeing enough pages,
    here the verbose vacuum full, as you can see only at
    the end: truncated 8504 to 621 pages.

    I use pg_autovacuum and it's not enough. I'll schedule
    again a nightly vacuum full.
    You may have too few fsm pages, so new inserts/updates don't use all the pages freed by vacuums.

    --
    Hannu Krosing <hannu@tm.ee>
  • Gaetano Mendola at Mar 10, 2005 at 9:14 am

    Hannu Krosing wrote:
    Ühel kenal päeval (teisipäev, 8. märts 2005, 00:52+0100), kirjutas
    Gaetano Mendola:
    Hi all,
    running a 7.4.5 it happen to me with another table
    where a single vacuum full was not freeing enough pages,
    here the verbose vacuum full, as you can see only at
    the end: truncated 8504 to 621 pages.

    I use pg_autovacuum and it's not enough. I'll schedule
    again a nightly vacuum full.

    You may have too few fsm pages, so new inserts/updates don't use all the pages freed by vacuums.
    Is not this the case:


    max_fsm_pages | 2000000
    max_fsm_relations | 1000

    and when I was doing the vacuum full these settings were above the
    real needs.



    Regards
    Gaetano Mendola
  • Chris Browne at Mar 10, 2005 at 3:50 am

    Gaetano Mendola wrote:
    Hi all,
    running a 7.4.5 it happen to me with another table
    where a single vacuum full was not freeing enough pages,
    here the verbose vacuum full, as you can see only at
    the end: truncated 8504 to 621 pages.

    I use pg_autovacuum and it's not enough. I'll schedule
    again a nightly vacuum full.
    That doesn't follow as a legitimate inference.

    It is fairly well certain that what you are "suffering" from are some
    long running transactions that prevent dead tuples from being vacuumed
    out.

    That indicates that your focus on VACUUM FULL is a focus on a red
    herring.

    You can see that pretty easily; you're seeing VACUUM FULL requests not
    "doing the trick" because the old transaction prevents _ANY_ kind of
    vacuum from clearing out tuples that were 'killed' after that
    transaction started.

    The problem isn't particularly with your vacuum policy; it is with the
    transaction handling behaviour in your application. No vacuum policy
    will ever really be "enough" until you can get the long running
    transactions under control.
    --
    (format nil "~S@~S" "cbbrowne" "acm.org")
    http://linuxdatabases.info/info/lsf.html
    "I've run DOOM more in the last few days than I have the last few
    months. I just love debugging ;-)" -- Linus Torvalds

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