Since we have a discriminator column, in Cayenne this can be mapped
via single-table inheritance. Here are two ways of mapping with
examples that I created in about 15 minutes using Cayenne 3.0 and
embedded Derby DB. In both cases we map ID + LINKID as a compound PK
(even though LINKID is not a PK in the DB, we'll make Cayenne think it
1. Mapping as single table inheritance with flattened attributes of
the joined entity.http://people.apache.org/~aadamchik/demo/inheritance-test.0.tar.gz
Got a little problem with that - an exception on commit. LINKID is not
propagated from TRADE and INSTR back to BASEENTITY. Oops... This is
clearly a bug in Cayenne. Will need to fix it.
So until that I tried something else:
2. Mapping as single table inheritance with relationship from
subclasses to specific entitieshttp://people.apache.org/~aadamchik/demo/inheritance-test.1.tar.gz
This works all the way, although requires just a bit more code to
handle dependent object.
So Cayenne can handle this case (and when we fix 1., hide most DB
aspects of it).
Hope this helps
On Apr 1, 2010, at 7:25 PM, Summers, John1 wrote:
Good point and I have made a stupid ommission in my description. In
fact BASEENTITY has a column 'REF' on it which together with LINKID
ID=1, LINKID=100, REF='Trade'
ID=2, LINKID=200, REF='Instr'
(LINKID and REF together have a unique index on them)
And in the current data access layer the DAO's actually work out
which type of entity they are building and and provide the correct
discriminator ('Trade', 'Instr', etc) for the sql statements to load
in the data to the superclass.
From: Robert Zeigler
Sent: 01 April 2010 17:05
Subject: Re: can Cayenne handle an inheritance model like this?...
How do you ensure that you don't wind up with duplicated LINKID
values? Eg, if TRADE.ID assigned based on the value of LINKID, or is
LINKID assigned based on the value of TRADE.ID and/or INSTR.ID?
On Thu, Apr 1, 2010 at 10:49 AM, Summers, John1 <firstname.lastname@example.org
Hello Apache-Cayenne users,
I am engaged on a project where we are trying to replace a messy
bespoke Data Access Layer with a more modern ORM framework. We have
been looking at Hibernate but it cannot handle our inheritance model.
I would like to ask if Cayenne can handle such a model because if it
can we will continue and make a full assessmet of Cayenne. I will
describe the model to you now:
Ok the database tables look like this:
And the Java object hierarchy is that BaseEntity is the superclass
with Trade and Instr (and others) as the subclass.
Here's the rub...
The ID fields on the 3 tables do NOT express a hierarchy. They are
unique to each table only. You cannot look up a Trade's BaseEntity by
using the trade ID and finding a matching LINKID in BaseEntity.
The connection is actually the BASEENTITY.LINKID field. The LINKID
matches IDs in the TRADE or INSTR table. Like this:
Hibernate cannot handle this. Unidirectional one to one relationships
require annotation on each end. The 'table per class' inheritance
model requires the ID fields in TRADE and INSTR to be foreign keys of
BASEENTITY, which they are not.
Look forward to any advice.