FAQ

tps = 9818.741060 (including connections establishing)

So I thought I could squeeze 10000 TPS from my box.
Then I tried with -R 5000 tps.

number of transactions actually processed: 1510640
average rate limit lag: 0.304 ms (max 19.101 ms)
tps = 5035.409397 (including connections establishing)

As you can see, I got about 5000 tps as expected.
Yep, it works:-)
But I'm confused by the lag:

0.304 ms * 1510640 = 459.2 seconds, which is longer than 300 seconds
(specified by -T). Am I missing something?
The lag is reasonnable, althought no too good. One transaction is about
1.2 ms, the lag is much smaller than that, and you are at about 50% of the
maximum load. I've got similar figures on my box for such settings. It
improves if your reduce the number of clients.

If you reduce the number of clients, or add more threads, the lag is
reduced.
BTW, the system was Linux (kernel 3.0.77).
tps = 6730.940132 (including connections establishing)
$ pgbench -S -n -c 10 -T 10 -R 3000 test
average rate limit lag: 0.089 ms (max 27.301 ms)
tps = 2983.707895 (including connections establishing)

0.089 ms * 29840 = 2.66 seconds. Not too bad compared with 10
seconds.
Indeed, that is better. Transactions are about 1.5 ms and you run at about
45% of the maximum load here.
On Linux maybe the overhead to calculate the lag is bigger
than Mac OS X? Just my wild guess though...
I would be surprised that this would be the issue is to compute the
measure, compared to network connections and the like. With -S the bench
is cpu bound. Possibly a better scheduler/thread management on OSX? Or
more available cores? Well, I do not know! At high load with clients
running on the same box as the server, and with more clients & server than
available cores, there is a lot of competition between processes, and
between clients that share a unique thread, and a log context switching
whoch will result in a measured lag.

--
Fabien.

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