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# New Ticket Created by Dan Collins
# Please include the string: [perl #128257]
# in the subject line of all future correspondence about this issue.
# <URL: https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=128257 >


Greetings Porters,

I have compiled bleadperl with the afl-gcc compiler using:

./Configure -Dusedevel -Dprefix='/usr/local/perl-afl' -Dcc='ccache afl-gcc' -Uuselongdouble -Duse64bitall -Doptimize=-g -Uversiononly -Uman1dir -Uman3dir -Dusequadmath -des
AFL_HARDEN=1 make && make test

And then fuzzed the resulting binary using:

AFL_NO_VAR_CHECK=1 afl-fuzz -i in -o out bin/perl @@

After reducing testcases using `afl-tmin` and performing additional minimization by hand, I have located the following testcase that triggers a segfault in the perl interpreter. The testcase is the file below. On normal builds and debug builds with -W, this segfaults.

dcollins@nightshade64:~/perldebug$ ./perl -Ilib -e 'sub U::0{}undef*U::;*U::0=sub{}'
dcollins@nightshade64:~/perldebug$ ./perl -Ilib -W -e 'sub U::0{}undef*U::;*U::0=sub{}'
Segmentation fault

This testcase *looks* suspiciously like [perl #128254], but it is rather different. This one has nothing to do with ISA or taint mode. It is, however, rather bizarre. It only crashes under -W. Perhaps we're freeing something while it's still on the stack? But if this was a context stack issue, I think it would segfault regardless of whether warnings are enabled.

A bisect was attempted but this behavior has persisted since 5.12.0 at least.

**GDB**

dcollins@nightshade64:~/perldebug$ gdb --args ./perl -Ilib -W -e 'sub U::0{}undef*U::;*U::0=sub{}'
GNU gdb (GDB) 7.10
Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. Type "show copying"
and "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu".
Type "show configuration" for configuration details.
For bug reporting instructions, please see:
<http://www.gnu.org/software/gdb/bugs/>.
Find the GDB manual and other documentation resources online at:
<http://www.gnu.org/software/gdb/documentation/>.
For help, type "help".
Type "apropos word" to search for commands related to "word"...
Reading symbols from ./perl...done.
(gdb) run
Starting program: /home/dcollins/perldebug/perl -Ilib -W -e sub\ U::0\{\}undef\*U::\;\*U::0=sub\{\}
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
Using host libthread_db library "/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libthread_db.so.1".

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0x00000000005dd873 in Perl_gv_setref (dstr=0xab2798, sstr=0xab2780) at sv.c:4073
4073 report_redefined_cv(
(gdb) bt
#0 0x00000000005dd873 in Perl_gv_setref (dstr=0xab2798, sstr=0xab2780) at sv.c:4073
#1 0x00000000005e32ef in Perl_sv_setsv_flags (dstr=0xab2798, sstr=0xab2780, flags=1538)
     at sv.c:4510
#2 0x00000000005a6dd4 in Perl_pp_sassign () at pp_hot.c:226
#3 0x000000000055a245 in Perl_runops_debug () at dump.c:2239
#4 0x00000000004623d3 in S_run_body (oldscope=1) at perl.c:2517
#5 0x00000000004619fe in perl_run (my_perl=0xa9c010) at perl.c:2440
#6 0x000000000041eae0 in main (argc=5, argv=0x7fffffffe5f8, env=0x7fffffffe628)
     at perlmain.c:116
(gdb) l
4068 {
4069 SV * const new_const_sv =
4070 CvCONST((const CV *)sref)
4071 ? cv_const_sv((const CV *)sref)
4072 : NULL;
4073 report_redefined_cv(
4074 sv_2mortal(Perl_newSVpvf(aTHX_
4075 "%"HEKf"::%"HEKf,
4076 HEKfARG(
4077 HvNAME_HEK(GvSTASH((const GV *)dstr))
(gdb) info locals
new_const_sv = 0x0
cv = 0xab2738
sref = 0xab2708
__PRETTY_FUNCTION__ = "Perl_gv_setref"
dref = 0xab2738
intro = 0
location = 0xabc090
import_flag = 128 '\200'
stype = 13


**VALGRIND**

dcollins@nightshade64:~/perldebug$ valgrind ./perl -Ilib -W -e 'sub U::0{}undef*U::;*U::0=sub{}'
==47187== Memcheck, a memory error detector
==47187== Copyright (C) 2002-2015, and GNU GPL'd, by Julian Seward et al.
==47187== Using Valgrind-3.11.0 and LibVEX; rerun with -h for copyright info
==47187== Command: ./perl -Ilib -W -e sub\ U::0{}undef*U::;*U::0=sub{}
==47187==
==47187== Invalid read of size 4
==47187== at 0x5DD873: Perl_gv_setref (sv.c:4073)
==47187== by 0x5E32EE: Perl_sv_setsv_flags (sv.c:4510)
==47187== by 0x5A6DD3: Perl_pp_sassign (pp_hot.c:226)
==47187== by 0x55A244: Perl_runops_debug (dump.c:2239)
==47187== by 0x4623D2: S_run_body (perl.c:2517)
==47187== by 0x4619FD: perl_run (perl.c:2440)
==47187== by 0x41EADF: main (perlmain.c:116)
==47187== Address 0xc is not stack'd, malloc'd or (recently) free'd
==47187==
==47187==
==47187== Process terminating with default action of signal 11 (SIGSEGV)
==47187== Access not within mapped region at address 0xC
==47187== at 0x5DD873: Perl_gv_setref (sv.c:4073)
==47187== by 0x5E32EE: Perl_sv_setsv_flags (sv.c:4510)
==47187== by 0x5A6DD3: Perl_pp_sassign (pp_hot.c:226)
==47187== by 0x55A244: Perl_runops_debug (dump.c:2239)
==47187== by 0x4623D2: S_run_body (perl.c:2517)
==47187== by 0x4619FD: perl_run (perl.c:2440)
==47187== by 0x41EADF: main (perlmain.c:116)
==47187== If you believe this happened as a result of a stack
==47187== overflow in your program's main thread (unlikely but
==47187== possible), you can try to increase the size of the
==47187== main thread stack using the --main-stacksize= flag.
==47187== The main thread stack size used in this run was 8388608.
==47187==
==47187== HEAP SUMMARY:
==47187== in use at exit: 112,125 bytes in 569 blocks
==47187== total heap usage: 696 allocs, 127 frees, 132,072 bytes allocated
==47187==
==47187== LEAK SUMMARY:
==47187== definitely lost: 192 bytes in 1 blocks
==47187== indirectly lost: 2,016 bytes in 22 blocks
==47187== possibly lost: 1,024 bytes in 2 blocks
==47187== still reachable: 108,893 bytes in 544 blocks
==47187== suppressed: 0 bytes in 0 blocks
==47187== Rerun with --leak-check=full to see details of leaked memory
==47187==
==47187== For counts of detected and suppressed errors, rerun with: -v
==47187== ERROR SUMMARY: 1 errors from 1 contexts (suppressed: 0 from 0)
Segmentation fault


**PERL -V**

dcollins@nightshade64:~/perldebug$ ./perl -Ilib -V
Summary of my perl5 (revision 5 version 25 subversion 2) configuration:
   Commit id: c29dfc6a6c45f86648c51f961304254cc3c449b9
   Platform:
     osname=linux, osvers=4.5.0-2-amd64, archname=x86_64-linux-ld
     uname='linux nightshade64 4.5.0-2-amd64 #1 smp debian 4.5.3-2 (2016-05-08) x86_64 gnulinux '
     config_args='-Dusedevel -Dprefix=/usr/local/perl-afl -Dcc=ccache gcc-6.1 -Duselongdouble -Duse64bitall -Doptimize=-g -Uversiononly -Uman1dir -Uman3dir -DDEBUGGING -DPERL_POISON -des'
     hint=recommended, useposix=true, d_sigaction=define
     useithreads=undef, usemultiplicity=undef
     use64bitint=define, use64bitall=define, uselongdouble=define
     usemymalloc=n, bincompat5005=undef
   Compiler:
     cc='ccache gcc-6.1', ccflags ='-fwrapv -DDEBUGGING -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -fstack-protector-strong -I/usr/local/include -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64',
     optimize='-g',
     cppflags='-fwrapv -DDEBUGGING -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -fstack-protector-strong -I/usr/local/include'
     ccversion='', gccversion='6.1.0', gccosandvers=''
     intsize=4, longsize=8, ptrsize=8, doublesize=8, byteorder=12345678, doublekind=3
     d_longlong=define, longlongsize=8, d_longdbl=define, longdblsize=16, longdblkind=3
     ivtype='long', ivsize=8, nvtype='long double', nvsize=16, Off_t='off_t', lseeksize=8
     alignbytes=16, prototype=define
   Linker and Libraries:
     ld='ccache gcc-6.1', ldflags =' -fstack-protector-strong -L/usr/local/lib'
     libpth=/usr/local/lib /usr/local/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/6.1.0/include-fixed /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /lib/../lib /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib/../lib /lib
     libs=-lpthread -lnsl -ldl -lm -lcrypt -lutil -lc
     perllibs=-lpthread -lnsl -ldl -lm -lcrypt -lutil -lc
     libc=libc-2.22.so, so=so, useshrplib=false, libperl=libperl.a
     gnulibc_version='2.22'
   Dynamic Linking:
     dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs, dlext=so, d_dlsymun=undef, ccdlflags='-Wl,-E'
     cccdlflags='-fPIC', lddlflags='-shared -g -L/usr/local/lib -fstack-protector-strong'


Characteristics of this binary (from libperl):
   Compile-time options: DEBUGGING HAS_TIMES PERLIO_LAYERS PERL_COPY_ON_WRITE
                         PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV
                         PERL_HASH_FUNC_ONE_AT_A_TIME_HARD PERL_MALLOC_WRAP
                         PERL_OP_PARENT PERL_PRESERVE_IVUV PERL_USE_DEVEL
                         USE_64_BIT_ALL USE_64_BIT_INT USE_LARGE_FILES
                         USE_LOCALE USE_LOCALE_COLLATE USE_LOCALE_CTYPE
                         USE_LOCALE_NUMERIC USE_LOCALE_TIME USE_LONG_DOUBLE
                         USE_PERLIO USE_PERL_ATOF
   Built under linux
   Compiled at May 26 2016 17:57:37
   @INC:
     lib
     /usr/local/perl-afl/lib/site_perl/5.25.2/x86_64-linux-ld
     /usr/local/perl-afl/lib/site_perl/5.25.2
     /usr/local/perl-afl/lib/5.25.2/x86_64-linux-ld
     /usr/local/perl-afl/lib/5.25.2
     /usr/local/perl-afl/lib/site_perl/5.25.1
     /usr/local/perl-afl/lib/site_perl/5.24.0
     /usr/local/perl-afl/lib/site_perl
     .

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